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5 Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious condition affecting millions worldwide. It is characterized by the gradual loss of kidney function over time. Understanding the stages of CKD is crucial for early detection and effective management of the disease. Let’s explore the five stages of CKD and how Dr. Gaurav Tandon at Kidney Clinic of North Florida can help you take proactive steps to protect your kidney health.

Stage 1: Kidney Damage with Normal Function

Stage 1 is the earliest stage of CKD. During this stage, there may be evidence of kidney damage but you will still have normal kidney function. The kidneys may have structural abnormalities or signs of damage, such as protein or blood in the urine.

The primary goal in stage 1 is to identify the underlying cause of kidney damage and implement strategies to prevent further progression.

Stage 2: Mild Decrease in Kidney Function

In stage 2, there is a mild decrease in kidney function. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a measure of kidney function, will be between 60-89 mL/min/1.73m². Symptoms may start to appear at this stage, including fatigue, fluid retention, and changes in urination patterns.

Dr. Gaurav Tandon will focus on managing underlying conditions, such as high blood pressure or diabetes, to slow down the progression of CKD.

Stage 3: Moderate Decrease in Kidney Function

Stage 3 is further divided into two sub-stages: 3A (eGFR 45-59 mL/min/1.73m²) and 3B (eGFR 30-44 mL/min/1.73m²). At this point, kidney function is moderately decreased, and more noticeable symptoms may occur, such as swelling, fatigue, and anemia.

Dr. Gaurav Tandon will work closely with you to develop a personalized treatment plan, including dietary modifications, medication adjustments, and close monitoring of kidney function.

Stage 4: Severe Decrease in Kidney Function

In stage 4, kidney function is significantly reduced (eGFR 15-29 mL/min/1.73m²). Symptoms, including bone pain, muscle cramps, and poor appetite, become more severe.

Dr. Gaurav Tandon will focus on managing complications, preparing for renal replacement therapy (dialysis or transplantation), and providing supportive care to enhance the quality of life.

Stage 5: End-Stage Kidney Failure

Stage 5, also known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is the final stage of CKD. Kidney function is less than 15 mL/min/1.73m² or requires renal replacement therapy.

Dr. Gaurav Tandon will guide you through the available treatment options, such as hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, or kidney transplantation. Palliative care and symptom management are important considerations to ensure comfort and well-being.

Schedule a Consultation

If you or a loved one is living with chronic kidney disease, don’t hesitate to seek professional help. Dr. Gaurav Tandon and the experienced team at Kidney Clinic of North Florida are here to provide specialized care and support. Schedule a consultation today to discuss your condition, receive personalized treatment recommendations, and take proactive steps toward protecting your kidney health. Call our Jacksonville, FL office at 904-593-5333 or use our online scheduling form.